System vulnerabilities are mostly an outcome of bugs in a software. Bugs are actually one of the many security loopholes that offer hackers a window to steal the sensitive data. However, the one thing that’s universal is that each and every software naturally has bugs. It just depends upon the coders and developers to identify those bugs from time to time and fix them. It’s an endless process.
Now, that you know how bug fixing works, it’s time you also know that they aren’t the only web vulnerability. Some others that occur from the end of the users include:
- A weak password.
- A shared password for all accounts and devices.
- A vulnerable router that’s not password protected.
More importantly, it’s the hackers that keep coming up with new malware and viruses that are more dangerous than their previous variants. So, the first approach towards protecting your systems from getting hacked is understanding what are the different techniques hackers generally use. Only after you know those techniques that you can understand how and why to secure the systems.
- First is the phishing technique where hackers send emails that have attachments that contain malware like ransomware. The minute you’ll click on those attachments, hackers will get an automatic entry in your system.
- Second is the more refined way of phishing, spear phishing. It’s a newer technique where hackers target a certain individual or one single organization so that the email they send looks more legit. These emails have such accurate personal details that it appears that the source is reliable and genuine.
- Third is misusing weak or unprotected devices on the internet to gain illegal entry within the system.
- Last, hackers also use the Vishing – phishing combined with voice – technique to commit financial frauds.
Having said that, just as there’s a plethora of ways in which hackers launch attacks, there are many ways in which users and companies can stop those attacks. The ones that have been giving the best results against hacking are as follows.
- Using MFA or 2FA technique as an alternative to using a password. Since it involves using biometrics to gain access to a system, it’s a more secure way to login and access the data in a system. Companies should, thus, focus on applying this technique.
- Encrypting the entire data instead of storing it as it is.
- Using a firewall followed by an antivirus and then the network segmentation technique to create a triple barrier after password. These many layers take system protection to a much much higher level.
All in all, no matter you’re using the system to work remotely or you’re a system for personal browsing, adopting all the cybersecurity practices listed above will keep you off the radar of hackers.