Biometric Technology: a brief history

As transactions go digital at present, governments and financial institutions are already using online platforms to provide a user-friendly experience, especially among busy consumers. The advent of technology brought opportunities to improve efficiency and productivity.

But these positives do exist with potential cybersecurity threats. Such circumstances led to the development of online biometric technologies. In smartphones, brands developed mobile identity verification for fraud prevention like Apple did in 2013 when they included a fingerprint to unlock feature in their iPhone.

Biometric technology modernization began in the 1960s. It all started with the manually operated semi-automated facial recognition used to extract usable feature points. Then, in 1969, fingerprint identification got funded by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) to fight crimes.

The National Institute of Standards Technology (NIST) studied the framework of speech recognition technology at present during the 1980s. Five years after, scientists discovered that people had unique blood vessels patterns. That discovery became a breakthrough for the creation of the iris recognition algorithm.

Biometric science boomed further with the arrival of the Biometric Consortium established by the National Security Agency (NSA) in the 1990s. Real-time recognition became a reality one year later as the then-flawed face recognition biometrics was born, thanks to the Department of Defense (DoD) and Defense Advanced Research Products Agency (DARPA) partnership.

When the second millennium arrived, West Virginia University included Biometrics Systems Engineering and Computer Engineering in its Bachelor’s degree programs list. It is also when the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) promoted the standardization of the generic biometric techs through collaborations.

More than hundreds of patented biometric systems, including the palm print biomarker tech, became available for commercial and event purposes in the 2000s. Passports and other Machine-Readable Travel Documents (MRTDs) accepted face recognition as a biometric authentication scheme. 

With biometric technology becoming a distinct field of research, expect that biometrics will proliferate. Password-less transactions are becoming more imminent while other biometric techs get included in products for security purposes. Indeed, the sky’s the limit.

Visit Login ID’s website to learn more about biometric technology and for inquiries.